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Dev Anand Biography

About Dev Anand

Dharam Dev Anand (born September 26, 1923), better known simply as Dev Anand, is a legendary Indian Bollywood actor and film producer. In his heyday as a star, he was considered the epitome of the suave, urban gentleman.
Dev is the second of three brothers who were active in Bollywood. His elder brother Chetan Anand was a film director, as was his younger brother, Vijay Anand. His elder brother Chetan Anand is credited to bringing him and younger brother Vijay Anand into the film world. Though he did launch his son Suneil Anand in films with "Anand aur Anand", the film and Suneil did not get noticed.
Dev was born Devdutt Pishorimal Anand in Gurdaspur in undivided Punjab to a well-to-do advocate, Pishorimal Anand. He graduated in English literature from the Government College, Lahore (now in Pakistan). His love for acting made him leave his hometown for the centre of the Hindi film industry, Mumbai. Dev began his career in the military censor office at Churchgate , Mumbai, for a salary of Rs. 160.
He was soon offered a break as an actor by Prabhat Talkies to star in their "Hum Ek Hain" (1946). While shooting for the film in Pune, Dev struck a friendship with fellow actor Guru Dutt. Soon, they were swapping shirts, double dating and sharing dreams. They made a pact: if Dev produced a film, Guru Dutt would direct it; if Guru Dutt produced a film, Dev would act in it.
Dev was offered his first big break by Ashok Kumar, his favourite star. Kumar spotted Dev hanging around in the studios and picked him as the hero for the Bombay Talkies production, "Ziddi", costarring Kamini Kaushal (1948) which became a success.
In 1949, he turned producer and launched his own "banner" Navketan, which continues to churn out movies year after year. Though his maiden attempt at direction, "Prem Pujari", flopped, his second directorial effort "Hare Rama Hare Krishna" in the 1970's with Zeenat Aman was a big success.
As promised, Dev invited Guru Dutt to direct the crime thriller "Baazi" in 1951. Lyricist Sahir Ludhianvi's song Tadbeer se bigdi huyee taqdeer bana le proved to be prophetic and Dev went on to become a star. His style was lapped up by the audience and was widely imitated. He starred in a string of box office successes for the remainder of the 1950's and some of his hit films include " Munimji", "CID", "Paying Guest", "Gambler", "Tere Ghar ke Saamne" and "Kaala Pani".
He also played a few characters with a negative shade, like in "Jaal" (1952). His films "Rahee" and "Aandhiyan", were screened there along with Raj Kapoor's "Awaara". In the same year, "Taxi Driver" was declared a hit. Dev's heroine was Kalpana Kartik again, and the two decided to marry in a quiet ceremony.
Marriage and the birth of son Suneil in 1956 did not affect Dev's career. A rapid-fire style of dialogue delivery, an array of hats, and a penchant for nodding while speaking became Dev's style in films like "Munimji", "CID" and "Paying Guest". His style was lapped up by the audience and was widely imitated. He starred in a string of box office successes for the remainder of the 1950s.
Despite his characteristic style, Dev's detractors cast aspersions on his acting abilities and questioned his inclusion in the hallowed Raj Kapoor-Dilip Kumar league. Dev made them eat humble pie with his class act in "Kala Pani"(1958), as the son who is willing to go to any lengths including sweet-talking a courtesan into believing he is in love with her to clear his framed father's name. He won the Best Actor Award for the film.
He was romantically involved with singer-actress Suraiya and the two of them paired in six films together. During the shooting of a song, a boat capsized and Dev Anand saved Suraiya from drowning. She fell in love with him but her grandmother opposed the relationship. Suraiya remained unmarried all her life.
His first film in colour, "Guide" with Waheeda Rehman was based on the novel of the same name by R. K. Narayan. The impetus for making a film from the book came from Dev Anand himself, and he met and persuaded Narayan to give his assent to the project. Dev Anand tapped his friends in Hollywood to lauch an Indo-US coproduction that was shot in Hindi and English simultaneously and was released in 1965. This is regarded by many as his best work till date.
"Guide", directed by younger brother Vijay Anand, silenced the staunchest of critics. Dev played Raju, a voluble guide who supports Rosy (Waheeda) in her bid for freedom; but is not above thoughtlessly exploiting her for personal gains. Combining style with substance, Dev gave an affecting performance as a man grappling with his emotions in his passage through love, shame and salvation.
"Guide" was Dev's creative acme. He reunited with Vijay Anand for the much-hyped "Jewel Thief", featuring a bevy of beauties led by Vyjayanthimala and including Tanuja, Anju Mahendru, Faryal and Helen.
Their next collaboration, "Johnny Mera Naam"(1970) was a big hit. The film was released in the same year as Raj Kapoor's magnum 'flopus' "Mera Naam Joker" (it was a commercial failure). Unlike Raj and Dilip who slowed down in the Seventies, Dev continued to be a romantic hero.
His maiden attempt at direction, the espionage drama, "Prem Pujari" flopped, but Dev got lucky with his sophomore directorial effort "Hare Rama Hare Krishna". It talked about the prevalent hippie cult. Zeenat Aman, who played the mini-skirt sporting, pot-smoking protagonist Janice, became an overnight sensation. Dev also became known as a filmmaker of trenchantly topical themes.
The presence of his discoveries the zestful Zeenat and later, the elfin Tina Munim (heroine of Dev's last recognised hit "Des Pardes" in 1978) fuelled Dev's image as the evergreen star even when he was well into his fifties.
Dev Anand's films are best known for their great music. Some of the most popular Bollywood songs were picturized on him. His association with music composers - O. P. Nayyar, Sachin Dev Burman and his son Rahul Dev Burman, lyricists - Majrooh Sultanpuri, Neeraj, Shailendra, and playback singer Mohammad Rafi and Kishore Kumar produced some of the best songs in the Bollywood history.
Dev Anand is one of those few Indian actors/filmmakers who are politically aware and active and are ready to stand up for the cause that is dear to them. He was the one who led a group of film personalities who stood up against the Internal Emergency imposed by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi. He actively campaigned against her with his supporters in Indian parliamentary elections in 1977 while very few among the film fraternity showed the courage to fight against the authoritarian regime.
Most of his films are an expression of his world view and have dealt with socially relevant subjects. He always emphasises this in his interviews. He thinks that his films represent his personal points of view.